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Learn what chemical properties are!

Chemical properties  are any of the properties of matter that can only be observed and measured by performing a chemical change or chemical reaction. Chemical properties cannot be determined by touching or viewing a sample; the structure of the sample must be altered for the chemical properties to be evident.

Examples of Chemical Properties

Here are some examples of chemical properties:

  • Reactivity with other chemicals
  • Toxicity
  • coordination number
  • inflammability
  • enthalpy of formation
  • heat of combustion
  • oxidation states
  • chemical stability
  • Types of chemical bonds they will form

Uses of Chemical Properties

Scientists use chemical properties to predict whether a sample will participate in a chemical reaction. Chemical properties can be used to classify compounds and find applications for them.

Understanding the chemical properties of a material aids in its purification, separation from other chemicals, or identification in an unknown sample.

Chemical Properties vs. Physical Properties

Whereas a chemical property is only revealed by the behavior of a substance in a chemical reaction, a physical property can be observed and measured without changing the composition of a sample. Physical properties include color, pressure, length, and concentration.